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Can a diabetic woman get pregnant

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If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning a family, you should plan your pregnancy as much as possible. Controlling your blood sugars before conception and throughout pregnancy gives you the best chance of having a trouble-free pregnancy and birth and a healthy baby. Women with diabetes will need to closely monitor their blood sugar levels during their pregnancy. If you develop diabetes during pregnancy, it is called gestational diabetes. If you can, visit your doctor or diabetes educator at least 6 months before you start trying to fall pregnant. You will be given advice and guidance on controlling your blood sugars as tightly as possible, and taking necessary supplements like folate.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Diabetic Pregnancy: What to Expect - IU Health

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How Diabetics Should Prepare Prior to Pregnancy

Planning a pregnancy with type 1 or 2 diabetes

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Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. This is called insulin resistance. For some people with type 2 diabetes, this can be managed with healthy lifestyle and diet changes, but others might need medication or insulin to help maintain appropriate blood glucose levels. If you have type 2 diabetes, you can still have a healthy pregnancy — but there are some things to consider to reduce possible risks and ensure that you and your baby are healthy.

Be honest and discuss:. Your OB-GYN might recommend that you meet with a maternal-fetal medicine specialist MFM , a doctor that specializes in mothers with chronic health conditions or high-risk pregnancies. Your doctor might want you to implement some things before you get pregnant.

Losing weight or changing your diet can help stabilize your glucose levels before conceiving. Depending on your overall health and how well your diabetes is controlled, your doctor might recommend you wait to conceive or give you the go-ahead to try. You should also discuss your ideal level of blood sugar control for pregnancy, which can be stricter than typical blood sugar goals.

Other factors may come into play, however, including causes that could have contributed to your diabetes diagnosis. Being overweight or obese is associated with type 2 diabetes, as is having polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS. Both obesity and PCOS can make it more difficult to conceive and have been linked to infertility. Losing weight, eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly, and taking any necessary medications for PCOS can all help increase your chances of conceiving. While some people can control their type 2 diabetes with diet and exercise, others take medications to help control blood sugar.

Before you get pregnant, talk with your medical team or midwife to see whether you can still take them during pregnancy. In fact, insulin is also used in women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy. An MFM specialist may monitor the health of you and your baby. Eating a healthy diet is important when you have type 2 diabetes. In fact, for some people, healthy diet and exercise is enough to keep their blood sugar under control. Talk with your doctors about whether a meal plan is necessary to help you and your baby get the essential nutrients while keeping your blood sugar at appropriate levels.

They might recommend a nutritionist who specializes in working with prenatal clients. A healthy prenatal diet is similar to a healthy regular diet, incorporating a lot of different foods and taking care not to overeat. Talk with your doctors and dietitian about expected weight gain for your pregnancy.

Typically, if you begin pregnancy at a normal weight for your height, the expected weight gain is between 25 and 35 pounds. Women who are considered obese are generally suggested to gain 15 to 25 pounds. Each individual is different, and depending on your medical history, your doctors might provide you with more personalized recommendations. Having type 2 diabetes, especially uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, can put you at risk for certain complications during pregnancy.

Some of these complications can include:. Seeing your doctor regularly is important to monitor the health of you and your baby. Some of these risks include:. If you have type 2 diabetes and are thinking about becoming pregnant, talk with your obstetrician and endocrinologist. Getting your type 2 diabetes under control before you get pregnant is important for you and your baby. Your healthcare team can help you ensure you have a healthy and safe pregnancy and birth.

You may be able to manage gestational diabetes through diet and other lifestyle changes. Pregestational diabetes occurs when you have diabetes before becoming pregnant. Learn which ones you should follow for a healthy pregnancy and baby. Metformin is a prescription drug used to treat type 2 diabetes. It can also be used to treat polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS. Medically reviewed by Maria S. Preparing for pregnancy Trying to conceive Considering your medications Thriving during pregnancy Diet and weight gain Risks and complications Takeaway Overview.

Before getting pregnant. While trying to get pregnant. Medications and pregnancy. Diet and weight gain considerations. Risks and complications linked to pregnancy with type 2 diabetes. Parenthood Pregnancy. Food List and More.

Health Risks Associated with Pregnancy. Read this next.

Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes and Pregnancy

Diabetes Diabetes and getting pregnant. Having a chronic condition such as diabetes diabetes mellitus takes careful monitoring of your health at the best of times, and this becomes even more crucial during pregnancy, a time when your body changes dramatically. Most women who have pre-existing diabetes who become pregnant have type 1 diabetes once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes , although some may have type 2 once called non-insulin dependent or maturity-onset diabetes. Another type of diabetes called gestational diabetes is a temporary type of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before and it usually goes away after the baby is born. What it does mean is that you will probably have to work closely with your doctor and other healthcare professionals to ensure you manage your diabetes well during your pregnancy.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. This is called insulin resistance. For some people with type 2 diabetes, this can be managed with healthy lifestyle and diet changes, but others might need medication or insulin to help maintain appropriate blood glucose levels.

COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest public health information from CDC: www. If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant. High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant.

Myth Busting: 9 Things to Know About Pregnancy with Type 1 Diabetes

When you have type 2 diabetes, steps you take before becoming pregnant are as important as your prenatal care. Learn how to get in the best possible shape before you conceive. It used to be that women with type 2 diabetes were discouraged from becoming pregnant. These days, with careful pregnancy planning and monitoring of blood glucose levels, you can have a safe pregnancy and a healthy baby. If you have type 2 diabetes and you want to become pregnant, the first step would ideally be to speak with both your endocrinologist and your obstetrician. They can help you be at your healthiest to conceive. Both before you become pregnant and during your pregnancy and beyond , it will be important for you to keep your blood sugar levels under control and to follow all the other guidelines to minimize all health risks to you and your baby. Fortunately, different diabetes practitioners can work with you on all the aspects of pregnancy, including exercise and nutrition. Your medical team might include:.

Having a Healthy Pregnancy With Type 1 Diabetes

Once upon a time, women with type 1 diabetes were told they could never have children. Still, there are a lot of open questions and misconceptions. Here are nine important facts about pregnancy and T1D, clarified:. The truth is that whether or not you have type 1 diabetes, you may have difficulty getting pregnant because some women simply do. Consistently high blood sugars and a high A1C 3-month average are the most likely way type 1 diabetes would make getting pregnant more challenging.

Top of the page Decision Point. You may want to have a say in this decision, or you may simply want to follow your doctor's recommendation.

A healthy pregnancy for women with type 1 diabetes starts before conception. Find out how to prepare your body for the challenges ahead. Kerri Sparling was 7 years old when she was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.

Have a Safe Pregnancy With Type 2 Diabetes

Blood sugar that is not well controlled in a pregnant woman with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes could lead to problems for the woman and the baby:. The organs of the baby form during the first two months of pregnancy, often before a woman knows that she is pregnant. Blood sugar that is not in control can affect those organs while they are being formed and cause serious birth defects in the developing baby, such as those of the brain, spine, and heart. Besides causing discomfort to the woman during the last few months of pregnancy, an extra large baby can lead to problems during delivery for both the mother and the baby.

Please sign in or sign up for a March of Dimes account to proceed. Women with diabetes can and do have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies. Managing diabetes can help reduce your risk for complications. Untreated diabetes increases your risk for pregnancy complications, like high blood pressure, depression, premature birth, birth defects and pregnancy loss. If you have preexisting diabetes, you need extra prenatal care checkups so your provider can make sure you and your baby are doing well.

Preexisting Diabetes and Planning Pregnancy

In fact, with the right medical help and diligent self-care, you have about the same excellent chances of having a successful pregnancy and a healthy baby as any other expectant mom. The key to managing type 2 diabetes during pregnancy? Achieving normal blood glucose levels six months before conception and maintaining those levels throughout the nine months following it. Here's what to think about if you're heading into pregnancy with type 2 diabetes. The OB or midwife who supervises your pregnancy should have plenty of experience caring for diabetic moms-to-be, and he or she should work together with the doctor who has been in charge of your diabetes. That means:.

Pregnancy Risks for Women With Preexisting Diabetes. If you want Having diabetes and getting pregnant means that your pregnancy will be labeled high-risk.

Pregnancy and diabetes doesn't have to be a risky combination. By preparing for pregnancy, you can boost the odds of delivering a healthy baby. Here's how. If you have diabetes — either type 1 or type 2 — and you're thinking about having a baby, you might worry about possible risks.

Diabetes: Should I Get Pregnant?

If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, it is very important to talk to your healthcare team if you are thinking about having a baby. There are some things that are best done before you get pregnant that will reduce your risk of pregnancy complications and baby loss. If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, you need to be as healthy as possible before you conceive, and while you are pregnant.

Diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to keep blood sugar levels in the normal range. There are three types: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Insulin is the hormone that controls blood sugar levels, keeping them in the healthy range.

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Many people believe that getting pregnant when they already have diabetes is not possible because of the struggles women in the past may have faced, which preceded more modern treatments, monitoring tools, and knowledge. Today, however, being diabetic does not mean that your pregnancy is destined for struggle, complications, or miscarriage. That said, you do need to be proactive in your diabetes care prior to pregnancy to optimize you and your baby's health and prevent possible complications, like birth defects. If you want to "try," it's strongly recommended that you get blood sugar levels under control three to six months before trying to conceive.

Diabetes can cause problems during pregnancy for women and their developing babies. Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman. Proper health care before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects and other health problems. Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot use the sugars and starches carbohydrates it takes in as food to make energy.


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